Pakistan State Oil Ltd. - Five Forces Analysis

Pakistan State Oil Ltd. - Five Forces Analysis

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Intensity of Existing Rivalry

Government limits competition (Pakistan State Oil Ltd.) Government policies and regulations can dictate the level of competition within the industry. When...
Fast industry growth rate (Pakistan State Oil Ltd.) When industries are growing revenue quickly, they are less likely to compete, because the total...
Large industry size (Pakistan State Oil Ltd.) Large industries allow multiple firms and produces to prosper without having to steal market share...
Relatively few competitors (Pakistan State Oil Ltd.) Few competitors mean fewer firms are competing for the same customers and resources, which is a...

Bargaining Power of Suppliers

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High competition among suppliers (Pakistan State Oil Ltd.) High levels of competition among suppliers acts to reduce prices to producers. This is a positive...
Low concentration of suppliers (Pakistan State Oil Ltd.) A low concentration of suppliers means there are many suppliers with limited bargaining power. Low...
Critical production inputs are similar (Pakistan State Oil Ltd.) When critical production inputs are similar, it is easier to mix and match inputs, which reduces...
Volume is critical to suppliers (Pakistan State Oil Ltd.) When suppliers are reliant on high volumes, they have less bargaining power, because a producer can...

Threat of Substitutes

Substantial product differentiation (Pakistan State Oil Ltd.) When products and services are very different, customers are less likely to find comparable product...
High cost of switching to substitutes (Pakistan State Oil Ltd.) Limited number of substitutes means that customers cannot easily switch to other products or...
Limited number of substitutes (Pakistan State Oil Ltd.) A limited number of substitutes mean that customers cannot easily find other products or services...

Bargaining Power of Customers

No switching cost of customers Customers have low or no switching cost to move one company to another company
Large number of customers (Pakistan State Oil Ltd.) When there are large numbers of customers, no one customer tends to have bargaining leverage....
Limited buyer information availability (Pakistan State Oil Ltd.) When buyers have limited information, they are at a disadvantage in negotiations with sellers....
Low dependency on distributors (Pakistan State Oil Ltd.) When produces have low dependence, distributors have less bargaining power. Low dependency...
Product is important to customer (Pakistan State Oil Ltd.) When customers cherish particular products they end up paying more for that one product. This...
Limited buyer choice (Pakistan State Oil Ltd.) When customers have limited choices they end up paying more for the choices that are available....

Threat of New Competitors

Strong distribution network required (Pakistan State Oil Ltd.) Weak distribution networks mean goods are more expensive to move around and some goods don’t get to...
High capital requirements (Pakistan State Oil Ltd.) High capital requirements mean a company must spend a lot of money in order to compete in the...
High sunk costs limit competition (Pakistan State Oil Ltd.) High sunk costs make it difficult for a competitor to enter a new market, because they have to...
Strong brand names are important (Pakistan State Oil Ltd.) If strong brands are critical to compete, then new competitors will have to improve their brand...
Customers are loyal to existing brands (Pakistan State Oil Ltd.) It takes time and money to build a brand. When companies need to spend resources building a brand,...
Advanced technologies are required (Pakistan State Oil Ltd.) Advanced technologies make it difficult for new competitors to enter the market because they have to...
High learning curve (Pakistan State Oil Ltd.) When the learning curve is high, new competitors must spend time and money studying the market...
Entry barriers are high (Pakistan State Oil Ltd.) When barriers are high, it is more difficult for new competitors to enter the market. High entry...

What is Porter's Five Forces Analysis?

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