A strong presence in the entire energy value chain gives an energy company flexibility and stability. The flexibility comes from the ability to manage different parts of the energy value chain as they need and according to the demand for energy. The stability comes from relying on their own business segments to consistently product the desired supplies and demand between different business units. An energy company can investing in undervalued parts of the supply chain and siphon cash flow from profitable parts of their value chain.

The two main areas that an energy firm resides in is the upstream (production and exploration) and downstream (transportation, refining, and marketing). … "Presense Across Energy Value Chain" has a significant impact, so an analyst should put more weight into it. "Presense Across Energy Value Chain" will have a long-term positive impact on the this entity, which adds to its value. This statements will have a short-term positive impact on this entity, which adds to its value. This qualitative factor will lead to a decrease in costs.